Obesity and key points that can be included in it:

Obesity – A growing health concern

Obesity, commonly referred to as excessive body fat accumulation, is a rapidly growing health concern around the world. In simple terms, it is a condition where a person carries an unhealthy amount of body fat. According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.9 billion adults (18+ years) were overweight in 2016, and around 650 million of them were considered obese.

What is Obesity?

Obesity is characterized by the accumulation of abnormal or excessive body fat that poses a risk to an individual’s health. It is typically evaluated based on one’s body mass index (BMI), which is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared. A BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight, while a BMI over 30 is considered obese.

Causes of Obesity

Obesity can be caused by genetic or environmental factors that disrupt the balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Eating a diet that is high in calories and low in nutrients, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle, is the primary contributor to obesity. Other factors, such as underlying medical conditions, hormone imbalances, and certain medications, can also contribute to obesity.

Health Risks of Obesity

Obesity increases the risk of developing several health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, sleep apnea, and osteoarthritis. It can also lead to psychological disorders such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. The health risks of obesity can be mitigated by losing weight through proper diet, exercise, and other lifestyle changes.

Prevention and Treatment

Prevention and treatment of obesity involve making lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and getting enough sleep. Additionally, medication and surgery can be options for some individuals, but these should only be considered after consulting with a healthcare professional.


Obesity is a growing health concern that affects millions of people around the world. It is important to understand the causes, health risks, and prevention and treatment options to combat this condition and improve overall health and wellbeing. By making healthy lifestyle choices, individuals can reduce their risk of developing obesity and its associated health conditions, improving their quality of life.